Boston è la città più grande, nel punto più profondo della Baia del Massachusetts, alla foce del fiume Charles. The Pilgrims were soon followed by other Puritans, who established the Massachusetts Bay Colony at present-day Boston in 1630. [163], The State of Massachusetts has developed a plethora of incentives to encourage the implementation of renewable energy and efficient appliances and home facilities. Although the documentation is incomplete, about 1,700 letters of marque, issued on a per-voyage basis, were granted during the American Revolution. The entire Commonwealth of Massachusetts has played a powerful scientific, commercial, and cultural role in the history of the United States. Il Massachusetts è il più popoloso dei sei stati del New England e ha il sesto più alto PIL pro capite della nazione. It is located in the New England region of the northeastern United States and has an area of 10,555 square miles (27,340 km2), 25.7% of which is water. [230] The per capita personal income in 2012 was $53,221, making it the third-highest state in the nation. [81], In the early 1600s, after contact had been made with Europeans, large numbers of the indigenous peoples in the northeast of what is now the United States were killed by virgin soil epidemics such as smallpox, measles, influenza, and perhaps leptospirosis. [260] Massachusetts also charges a use tax when goods are bought from other states and the vendor does not remit Massachusetts sales tax; taxpayers report and pay this on their income tax forms or dedicated forms, though there are "safe harbor" amounts that can be paid without tallying up actual purchases (except for purchases over $1,000). ", "The Central Artery/Tunnel Project—The Big Dig", Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Recreational Marijuana Passes In Massachusetts", "Massachusetts Marijuana Legalization, Question 4 (2016)—Ballotpedia", "Old growth, grand specimens drive big-tree hunters", "Northeastern Coastal Zone—Ecoregion Description", Massachusetts Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs, "Chasing loons: Banding the elusive birds at night on the Quabbin Reservoir", "It was a record-breaking year for shark research off Cape Cod", "Sharks have multiplied off Cape Cod beaches, devouring gray seals and putting swimmers on edge", "Map: Where great white sharks roam off Cape Cod", "What climate change means for Massachusetts", "Effects of Climate Change in Massachusetts", What Climate Change Means for Massachusetts, "Mass. [53] In the late 18th century, Boston became known as the "Cradle of Liberty"[54] for the agitation there that later led to the American Revolution. The Boston/Manchester market is the fifth-largest in the United States. [284], Other ferry connections in the state include a line between Fall River and Block Island via Newport,[285] seasonal ferry service connecting Plymouth to Provincetown,[286] and a service between New Bedford and Cuttyhunk. [312] Currently, the Senators are Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey while the Representatives are Richard Neal (1st), Jim McGovern (2nd), Lori Trahan (3rd), Joseph Kennedy III (4th), Katherine Clark (5th), Seth Moulton (6th), Ayanna Pressley (7th), Stephen Lynch (8th), and Bill Keating (9th). Nel tardo XIX secolo, gli (ora) sport olimpici della pallacanestro e della pallavolo sono stati inventati rispettivamente nelle città del Massachusetts occidentale Springfield e Holyoke. Nel 2004, il Massachusetts è diventato il primo Stato americano a riconoscere legalmente il matrimonio tra persone dello stesso sesso in conseguenza della decisione della Corte Suprema dello Stato. Nearly 800 vessels were commissioned as privateers and are credited with capturing or destroying about 600 British ships.[107]. Canals and railroads were used for transporting raw materials and finished goods. The most common varieties of American English spoken in Massachusetts, other than General American, are the cot-caught distinct, rhotic, western Massachusetts dialect and the cot-caught merged, non-rhotic, eastern Massachusetts dialect (popularly known as a "Boston accent"). This is attributed to Algernon Sydney (1622-1683), an English political writer, from the complete phrase,...Manus haec … [272] Four heritage railways are also in operation: Amtrak operates several inter-city rail lines connecting Massachusetts. [79] Villages consisted of lodges called wigwams as well as longhouses,[80] and tribes were led by male or female elders known as sachems. Above the drawing is the state motto, “Ditat Deus,” meaning “God Enriches.” History of the Great Seal of Arizona (PDF) What does the name Massachusetts mean? [63] Kendall Square in Cambridge has been called "the most innovative square mile on the planet", in reference to the high concentration of entrepreneurial start-ups and quality of innovation which have emerged in the vicinity of the square since 2010. Colors of the Flag. [374], There are two major television media markets located in Massachusetts. Boston University, Northeastern University, UMASS Lowell, and Merrimack College also participate in Division I athletics. [103], The Battles of Lexington and Concord initiated the American Revolutionary War and were fought in the eponymous Massachusetts towns. If at least 50 percent of the residents of the building qualify as low income, energy efficiency improvements like those available through Mass Save are available. ", "A Practical Guide to Living in the State—Education", "National Liberal Arts Colleges Rankings", "Apps Test | U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA)", "Fortune 500 List by State for 2018—GeographyRealm", "Here are the Most Innovative States in America in 2016", "Here's a new list of the richest people in Mass.—The Boston Globe", "Monthly Airport Traffic Summary—December 2015", "Venture Investment—Regional Aggregate Data", "Where do Massachusetts tourists come from? In Massachusetts, eleven Program Administrators, including NSTAR, National Grid, Western Massachusetts Electric, Cape Light Compact, Until, and Berkshire Gas, jointly own the rights to this program, in conjunction with the MA Department of Energy Resources (DOER) and the Energy Efficiency Advisory Council (EEAC). Mary Baker Eddy made the Boston Mother Church of Christian Science serve as the world headquarters of this new religious movement. 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